Tuesday, 17 October 2017

UNSUNG HEROES

THEY, TOO, DESERVE RECOGNITION

The New Straits Times recently published an article on Sybil Kathigasu, Malaya's only female recipient of the George Medal for courage. The article highlighted calls for the wartime nurse, who was held captive and tortured during World War 2, to be included in our history books. Writer highlights other unsung heroes who deserve a spot.

It is time to start recognising unsung heroes who have contributed to the nation without seeking money or glory.

Badan Warisan Malaysia president Elizabeth Cardosa said it was imperative to recognise individuals or communities that have contributed to the development of Malaysia, its people and its way of life.

"We should celebrate all of them, not just confine our history books to personalities who are primarily from the political or economic arenas."

She said these included personalities in the fields of teaching, science, medicine, sports as well as community leaders.

Cardosa said it was time that the Education Ministry's Curriculum Development Division reviewed how the History subject was taught in scholls to make space for these heroes.

"It should not only be people or things that promote the official national narrative.

"Students should be given the opportunity to learn about local heroes, too."

Cardosa said schools could implement history projects on local leaders by collaborating with heritage or history societies.
She said people of significance could be traced back to names of buildings and roads.

ABDULLAH HUKUM



Abdullah Hukum


Abdullah Hukum was one such person. He was one of the pioneers involved in the development of Kuala Lumpur in the 1880s. 

He was also responsible for opening up areas such as Pudu, Bukit Bintang and Sungai Putih, which is now known as Bangsar.

He was honoured by then Sultan of Selangor Sultan Abdul Samad with the title of Tuk Dagang Dianjuk.

Abdullah Hukum, or Muhammad Rukun from Sumatra, was of Kerinchi descent.

He came to Malaya with his father in 1850 when he was only 15, and lived in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor until his death.

Hedied at 108 in 1943, leaving behind 18 children, and is remembered for his service to the community. 

Today, many structures - a village, mosque and LRT station in Bangsar - are named after him.


DR ERNEST ASTON OTHO TRAVERS



Dr Travers Aston Otho Travers

Dr Travers was responsible for the building of the Sungai Buloh Leprosarium as a humane way to care for and treat leprosy victims who were ostracised in the early 20th century.

The leprosarium, believed to be the most modern of its time and then second largest in the world, opened on Aug 16, 1930. Countries like Brazil even modelled theirs after it.

Dr Travers, a former Selangor state surgeon, was drawn to the care of leprosy patients late in 1922 when he was tasked to take charge of a leprosy asylum in Setapal, Kuala Lumpur.

Leprosy was incurable at that time. Many tried to run away, and those who could not relied on government-supplied opium to ease their pain. Seeing that, he proposed that the British government build a more humane leprosarium in Sungai Buloh, at a place then called the Valley of Hope.

Jalan Travers, a short stretch behind Jalan Bangsar in Kuala Lumpur, honours his contribution.

TAN AIK HUANG AND DATUK NG BOON BEE




Tan won the 1996 All England Open Badminton Champions by defeating Japan's Masao Akiyama in the finals.This came during a run of four straight appearances in the All England finals from 1965 to 1968.

Tan was a member of four Malaysian Thomas Cup teams, including its world champion team of 1967.

He won numerous international singles titles during the mid-to late 1960s, including the Danish Open, US Open, Canadian Open and Malaysian Open. He also won both singles and doubles titles at the 1966 British Commonwealth Games.

Ng is widely recognised as one of the greatest doubles players in the history of the sports.

He won the All England Open Badminton Championships men's doubles title thrice, twice with Datuk Tna Yee Khan in 1965 and 1966 and once with the late Datuk Punch Gunalan.

Feared for his speed, power and anticipation on the court, he was also a member of the 1967 Thomas Cup winning team.

In the 1960s, Ng and Yee Khan formed one of the most successful men's doubles teams of the time, winning titles including the All England, Asian Games and the Badminton Asia Championships.


S. KULASINGAM


S. KULASINGGAM

Kulasingam was a former Johor Criminal Investigation Department chief and Kuala Lumpur deputy CID chief.

Kulasingam was often described as being married to the job due to his dedication to the force. He died a bachelor at 77 in 2007.

He was conferred the Pingat Gagah Berani, Malayisa's second highest award for bravery.

A New Sunday Times report stated that the mere mention of Kulasingam's name would send shivers down the spine of criminals.

He was best knwon for capturing the infamous "Botak Chin", who carried out many robberies in the Klang Valley in the 1970s.

He was also captured "Kepong Chai", a rapist with a penchant for scarring the faces of women with a blade.

He was labelled as the toughest co ever after he survived attempts on his life.

In once such incident in 1975, he was reportedly at a traffic light when 11 shots were fired at him. One of the bullets shattered his right rib, pierced his liver and grazed his lungs.

Kulasingam has been quoted as saying: "How could I die of anything but old age?" 

Written by : Veena Babulal
Source : New Straits Times - September 10, 2017
Link : https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2017/09/278254/these-unsung-heroes-too-deserve-be-included-history-books



WIRA DI SEBALIK TABIR

INDIVIDU-INDIVIDU INI HARUS TURUT DIIKTIRAF 

Baru-baru ini New Straits Times menyiarkan satu rencana mengenai Sybil Kathigasu, satu-satunya penerima wanita Pingat Keberanian George. Rencana itu mengutarakan permintaan agar jururawat tersebut telah ditahan dan diseksa ketika Perang Dunia 2, harus dinyatakan dalam buku sejarah kita. Penulis mengutarakan wira-wira lain di sebalik tabir yang harus diiktiraf juga.

Sudah tiba masanya kita mengiktiraf wira-wira di sebalik tabir yang menyumbang tenaga mereka untuk negara kita tanpa mengharapkan duit atau kepujian.

Presiden Badan Warisan Malaysia Elizabeth Cardosa berkata penting untuk mengiktiraf individu or komuniti yang telah menyumbang ke arah pembangunan Malaysia, pembangunan rakyat Malaysia dan cara hidup rakyat Malaysia.

"Kita harus meraikan kesemua mereka ini, tidak hanya terkongkong kepada mereka dari segi politik atau segi ekonomi sahaja."

Beliau berkata ini termasuk personaliti daripada bidang perguruan, bidang sains, bidang perubatan, bidang sukan dan juga pemimpin komuniti.


Cardosa berkata sudah tiba masanya Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum Kementerian Pendidikan mengkaji bagaimanakah mata pelajaran sejarah boleh diajar di sekolah bagi memuatkan pengajaran hero-hero ini.

"Ia tidak harus terikat pada individu atau barangan yang mempromosi naratif rasmi kebangsaan.

"Pelajar harus diberi peluang mempelajari mengenai hero-hero tempatan ini."

Cardosa berkata pihak sekolah boleh melaksanakan projek sejarah mengenai pemimpin tempatan dengan berkolabrasi dengan persatuan warisan atau persatuan sejarah.

Beliau berkata individu-individu penting seperti ini boleh dikesan dengan hanya melihat nama-nama bangunan atau nama-mana jalan raya.

ABDULLAH HUKUM




Abdullah Hukum merupakan contoh terbaik sebagai wira yang tidak diiktiraf. Beliau ialah salah seorang yang terbabit dalam pembangunan Kuala Lumpur pada tahun 1880-an.

Beliau juga bertanggungjawab pembukaan kawasan seperti Pudu, Bukit Bintang dan Sungai Putih, kini dikenali sebagai Bangsar.

Beliau dianugerah dengan pangkat Tuk Dagang Dianjuk oleh Sultan Selangor Sultan Abdul Samad ketika itu. 

Abdullah Hukum atau Muhammad Rukun berasal dari Sumatra berketurunan Kerinchi.

Beliau tiba ke Malaya bersama ayahnya pada tahun 1850 ketika berusia 15 tahun dan menetap di Kuala Lumpur dan Selangor.
Beliau meninggal dunia pada usia 108 pada tahun 1943, meninggalkan 18 anak dan sentiasa diingati akan jasa beliau terhadap komuniti.

Hari ini, banyak struktur bangunan - sebuah kampung, masjid dan stesen LRT di Bangsar dinamakan sempena nama beliau.


DR ERNEST ASTON OTHO TRAVERS




Dr Travers bertanggungjawab pembinaan bangunan Sungai Buloh Leprosarium lebih mesra pengguna bagi menjaga dan merawat pesakit kusta yang dipulaukan pada awal abad ke-20.


Pada ketika itu, pusat rawatan kusta ini dipercayai paling moden dan kedua terbesar di dunia apabila dibuka pada Ogos 16, 1930. Negara-negara lain seperti Brazil membina pusat rawatan seumpama pusat rawatan ini.

Dr Travers, bekas pakar bedah negeri Selangor tertarik untuk menjaga pesakit kusta pada akhir tahun 1922 apabila beliau ditugaskan menyelia pusat rawatan kusta di Setapak, Kuala Lumpur.

Pada masa itu, penyakit kusta tidak dapat dirawat dan ramai pesakit cuba melarikan diri dan juga mereka yang tidak dapat bergantung kepada ganja yang diberikan oleh kerajaan bagi mengatasi kesakitan yang dialami.

Melihatkan keadaan ini, beliau mencadangkan kepada kerajaan British agar membina pusat rawatan kusta mesra pengguna di Sungai Buloh. Pada ketika ia dinamakan Lembah Harapan.

Jalan Travers, di belakang Jalan Bangsar di Kuala Lumpur dinamakan sempena memperingati beliau.



TAN AIK HUANG DAN DATUK NG BOON BEE



Tan memenangi 1966 All England Open Badminton Championship's dengan mengalahkan pesaing dari Jepun Masao Akiyama pada suku akhir. Kemenangan ini dirangkul setelah menyertai empat pertandingan secara berterusan dari tahun 1965 hingga 1968. Tan salah seorang ahli pasukan Thomas Cup Malaysia termasuk dalam pasukan peringkat dunia pada tahun 1967.


Beliau banyak memenangi peringkat perseorangan antarabangsa dari pertengahan kepada akhir tahun 1960-an termasuk Danish Open, US Open, Canadian Open dan Malaysian Open. Beliau juga memenangi kedua-dua peringkat perseorangan dan bergu pada Komanwel British 1966.

Ng dikenali sebagai salah seorang pemain bergu dalam sejarah sukan.

Beliau memenangi All England Open Badminton Championships bergu lelaki tiga kali, dua kali bersama Datuk Tan Yee Khan pada tahun 1965 dan 1966 dan sekali dengan mendiang Datuk Punch Gunalan.

Digeruni dengan kepantasan dan daya saing dalam gelanggang badminton, beliau juga ahli dalam pasukan yang memenangi Thomas Cup 1967.

Pada tahun 1960-an, Ng dan Yee Khan membentuk salah satu pasukan bergu lelaki yang berjaya sepanjang masa, memenangi piala  termasuk All England, Asian Games dan Badminton Asia Championships.


S. KULASINGAM



Kulasingam ialah bekas ketua Bahagian Siasatan Jenayah Johor dan Timbalan Ketua CID Kuala Lumpur.

Kulasingam dikenali sebagai berkahwin dengan pekerjaan beliau disebabkan dedikasi yang ditunjukkan olehnya. Beliau yang tidak berkahwin meninggal dunia pada usia 77 pada tahun 2007.

Beliau dikurniakan Pingat Gagah Berani, pingat keberanian kedua tertinggi Malaysia.

Satu laporan New Straits Times pernah melaporkan bahawa hanya dengan menyebut nama Kulasingam sahaja cukup untuk membuatkan para penjenayah merasa gementar.

Beliau menjadi terkenal kerana berjaya menangkap "Botak Chin", penjenayah yang melakukan banyak rombakan di Lembah Klang pada tahun 1070-an.

Beliau juga berjaya menangkap "Kepong Chai", perogol yang suka mencederakan wajah wanita dengan sebilah pisau.

Beliau dilabel sebagai polis yang tabah setelah  terselamat daripada cubaan membunuh beliau.

Pada tahun 1975, beliau telah ditembak sebanyak 11 kali di lampu isyarat. Salah satu peluruh telah menusuk tulang rusuk kanan, menusuk paru-paru dan menggeser hatinya

Kulasingam pernah berkata: "Bagaimana saya boleh mati kecuali sakit tua?"

Diterjemah oleh: Teratai Melur
E-mel: terataigenius@gmail.com






























Tuesday, 1 August 2017

To microwave or not?

Consider the implications that microwaved foods may have on your physical wellbeing.

When it comes to food preparation, we are always looking for ways to simplify and shorten the time spent on cooking, and one of the tools meant to make it more convenient to reheat food quickly is the microwave.

In the United States and other Western countries, the microwave has been a common household item for over 30 years since it was invented after World War II, revolutionising the way food is prepared and cooked.

If you do an Internet search for recipes that use the microwave exclusively to cook a dish, you will find many resources, and this is very convenient for people who live in small, constrained spaces without a proper kitchen.

But while the microwave is an easy-to-use tool, what are the consequences that may arise from long-term usage?
How microwaving works?

At the end of World War II, microwaves were invented from military radar technology. It is a type of electromagnetic radiation that moves through air in waves.

On the spectrum of eletromagnetic radiation, microwaves are on the low end of the scale, second to radio waves.

Microwaves bounce about the interior of the microwave, causing the water molecules in your food to vinrate millions of times in once second and heating up food quickly.

This is known as dielectic heating. Unlike conventionally cooked food, items in the microwave are heated form the outside to the inside, and can be uneven if not allparts of the food contain the same amount of water.

The uneven heating of food can cause damage parts of it and microwaved milk can also kill the antibodies and other nutrients found in breast milk. It is also highly inadvisable for mothers to reheat milk milk bottles to avoid feeding their babies overheated milk.

Additionally, microwaving creates new compound not found naturally.

They are known as radiolytic compounds, but not enough is known about the effects these compounds have on our bodies.
Interesting to note is that microwaving is used in gene-altering research to deform and degrade cells, breaking them apart and making them an easy target for microorganisms like viruses and fungi.

If microwaves can do this to food cells, its impact on humans is questionable. However, because the effects of microwaved food on the human body have not yet been fully studied, we aren't clear of its safety.

What can be concluded from the studies that have been done is that microwaving damages the nutritional value of food.

  • Broccoli microwaved with some water lost up to 97% of its beneficial antioxidants. In contrast, steamed broccoli lost 11% or less of its antioxidants. (From a study published in the November 2003 issue of The Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
  • A 1998 Japanese study by F. Watanabe showed that just six minutes of microwave heating turned 30%-40% of the vitamins B12 in milk into an inert (dead) form.
  • In a study on garlic, as little as 60 seconds of microwave heating was enough to inactivate its allinase, garlic's principle active ingredient against cancer. (From the Journal of Nutrition, 2011).
  • A study of the cooking of asparagus spears found that microwaving caused a reduction in vitamin C. (From the Acta Agriculture Scandinavica)
But food damage is not the only thing to be concerned about. 
Packaging that is microwaveable is usually made with a myriad of chemicals like benzene, toluene, polyethylene terpthalate (PET), xylene and dioxins.

At high temperature, even though the packaging is supposed to be microwaveable, it is likely that chemicals might still leak into the food, and intake of these chemicals presents a health risk.

One of the more hazardous chemicals used in microwavable food is BPA, a plastic that mimics the oestrogen hormone and could cause problems like infertility, low libido dan mental disorders.

Practical alternatives

All you need to survive without your microwave is to make some changes in your food habit:

  • Plan ahead. Take the meats you want to cook out of the freezer the night before so that you don't have to defrost your food in the microwave right before you plan to cook it.
  • Prepare your meals in advance so that you always have ready-cooked meals available on the days that you're too busy or too tired to cook.
  • Use a toaster oven to heat up your foods instead. Another option is a convection oven.
Both are safe for heating food and are relatively inexpensive appliances.
  • Try to add more organic raw food to your diet. There is no need to reheat raw foods, and this is the best way to improve your health over the long run.
Research from the last 30 years on the impact of consuming microwaved has not been very substantial, but we do have a clearer understanding of how microwaves affects proteins, antioxidants and overall nutritional content of food.



Source : The Star - March 12, 2017
Written by : Datuk Dr Nor Ashikin Mokhtar



Hendak gunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro atau tidak?


Pertikaikan kesan makanan yang dimasak menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro pada kesihatan fizikal anda.

Kita sering mencari cara mudah serta memendekkan masa apabila menyediakan makanan dan salah satu cara digunakan untuk memudahkan kerja adalah memanaskan makanan menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro.

Di Amerika Syarikat dan negara barat lain, ketuhar gelombang mikro telah menjadi salah satu peralatan rumah lebih dari 30 tahun sejak dicipta setelah berakhirnya Perang Dunia Kedua dan bermulalah perubahan dalam penyediaan makanan dan cara memasak.

Jika anda melakukan carian di Internet untuk resipi yang menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro, anda akan menemukan banyak carian. Ini amat sesuai untuk mereka yang tinggal di rumah yang bersaiz kecil serta sempit tanpa kemudahan dapur yang sesuai. 

Ketuhar gelombang mikro sememangnya mudah digunakan, tetapi apakah kesan sampingan jika ia digunakan dalam jangka masa panjang?

Bagaimanakah ketuhar gelombang mikro berfungsi

Apabila Perang Dunia Kedua berakhir, ketuhar gelombang mikro dicipta daripada teknologi radar tentera. Ia sejenis radiasi eletromagnetik yang bergerak dalam udara dalam bentuk gelombang. 

Dalam spektrum radiasi elektromagnetik, gelombang mikro berada pada paras terendah selepas gelombang radio.

Gelombang mikro bergerak dalam ketuhar mikro menyebabkan molekul air dalam makanan mula bergerak pantas dalam kadar jutaan kali ganda dalam satu saat serta memanaskan makanan dengan pantas.

Proses ini dikenali sebagai pemanasan dielektrik. Berbeza dengan cara lama memanaskan semula makanan yang telah dimasak, bahan makanan dalam ketuhar mikro dipanaskan dari luar ketuhar ke dalam ketuhar dan proses pemanasan ini tidak sekata jika jumlah air makanan tidak sama sekata. 

Pemanasan tidak seimbang ini akan menyebabkan kerosakan pada sebahagian makanan dan susu yang dipanaskan menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro ini akan membunuh antibodi dan nutrien lain yang terdapat dalam susu ibu. Para ibu dinasihatkan agar tidak memanaskan semula susu bayi bagi mengelak menyusukan bayi mereka dengan susu yang telah dipanaskan secara berlebihan. 

Tambahan pula, menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro akan mewujudkan elemen yang tidak wujud secara semulajadi.

Elemen ini dikenali sebagai campuran radiolytic. Tidak diketahui lagi sejauh manakah elemen ini memberi kesan terhadap badan kita.

Menarik untuk dinyatakan bahawa proses mikro ini digunakan dalam kajian pengubahsuaian gen untuk mengubah bentuk dan merendahkan gred, membahagikannya dan menjadikan ia sasaran mudah untuk mikro organisme seperti virus dan fungi.

Jika ketuhar gelombang mikro mampu memberi kesan terhadap sel makanan, apakah kesannya terhadap manusia masih menjadi tanda tanya. Disebabkan kajian kesan makanan yang dimasak menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro masih belum dikaji sepenuhnya, kita masih belum jelas akan keselamatan penggunaannya.

Apa yang dapat disimpulkan daripada kajian adalah menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro merosakkan nilai nutrisi makanan.



Berikut adalah beberapa contoh kesan terhadap nutrien makanan yang dimasak menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro

  • Brokoli yang dimasak bersama dengan air menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro kehilangan hampir 97% air antioksidan berguna. Berlainan pula brokoli yang dikukus hanya kehilangan sebanyak 11% atau kurang daripada antioksidannya (Mernurut kajan yang dikeluarkan dalam majalah The Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture pada November 2003).
  • Pada tahun 1998, kajian yang dilakukan oleh F. Watanabe dari Jepun menunjukkan memanaskan menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro selama enam minit menukarkan 30%-40% vitamin B12 kepada bentuk inert (mati).
  • Dalam satu kajian mengenai bawang putih yang hanya dipanaskan menggunakan ketuhar mikro selama 60 saat mampu tidak mengaktifkan allinase, bahan  aktif utama untuk menentang  kanser. (Daripada Journal of Nutrition, 2001).
  • Kajian mengenai masakan asparagus spears menunjukkan memasak menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro menyebabkan pengurangan vitamin C. (Dipetik daripada Acta Agriculture Scandinavica).
Akan tetapi, terdapat perkara lain yang harus diambil berat selain daripada kerosakan makanan.
Pembungkusan yang boleh digunakan di dalam ketuhar mikro biasanya dibuat daripada myriads kimia seperti benzene, toluene, polyethylene terpthalate (PET), xylene dan dioxins.

Walaupun, pembungkusan ini boleh digunakan dalam ketuhar gelombang mikro, namun pada suhu tinggi bahan kimia yang digunakan membuat plastik pembungkusan ini boleh bercampur ke dalam makanan dan pengambilan makanan ini akan mimics hormon oestrogen dan mampu menyebabkan masalah seperti ketidak suburan, libido rendah dan masalah mental.



Pilihan praktikal

Apa yang perlu anda lakukan tanpa menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro adalah membuat beberapa perubahan dalam tabiat pemakanan anda:
  • Perancangan awal. Keluarkan daging yang hendak dimasak daripada tempat beku pada malam sebelumnya supaya anda tidak perlu mencairkan ais pada daging dalam ketuhar mikro.
  • Sediakan makanan lebih awal supaya anda sentiasa ada makanan yang telah disediakan pada hari anda sibuk atau terlalu letih untuk memasak.
  • Gunakan ketuhar pembakar untuk memanaskan makanan anda. Pilihan lain ialah ketuhar biasa.
Kedua-dua ketuhar ini selamat untuk memanaskan makanan dengan harga berpatutan.
  • Cuba masukkan lebih banyak makanan organik mentah. Makanan mentah tidak perlu dipanaskan dan ini cara terbaik untuk memeliharakan kesihatan anda untuk jangka masa masa panjang.
Kajian selama 30 tahun mengenai kesan mengamalkan makanan yang dimasak menggunakan ketuhar gelombang mikro tidak memberikan meklumat jelas. Namun, kita faham bagaimanakah ketuhar gelombang mikro menjejaskan protein, antioksidan dan seluruh nutrisi dalam makanan.



Diterjemah oleh : Teratai Melur
E-mel : teratatgenius@gmail.com



**Jika anda memerlukan khidmat terjemahan, sila e-melkan maklumat ke alamat e-mel tertera di atas.
Terima kasih.
Dear Valued Readers,

I would like to apologize for long absence due to commitments.

However, from today onward, I'll try to update my translation projects as frequent as I could.

Lastly, thank so much for the support.

Teratai Melur.

Sunday, 4 June 2017

Pemakanan Sihat

Ramai daripada kita mengabaikan makanan sihat dan tidak lagi mengikut piramid makanan yang disarankan Kementerian Kesihatan.

Kalau diperhatikan, masyarakat kita makan sepanjang masa - malah selepas jam 12 tengah malam masih ada yang melepak di kedai kopi menikmati nasi lemak atu roti canai.

Tidak hairanlah jika Malaysia menduduki tangga pertama di rantau Asia Tenggara kerana mempunyai rakyat paling gemuk seiring kadar obesiti yang semakin meningkat setiap tahun.

Itu belum dikira peningkatan pesakit kencing manis, darah tinggi atau kolesterol tinggi yang semuanya mempunyai kaitan rapat dengan tabiat makan.

Semua orang tahu kita perlu mengamalkan pemakanan seimbang.
Makanan seimbang dapat menjauhkan kita daripada pelbagai penyakit. Makanan seimbang bermaksud makanan yang menyumbang semua nutrisi diperlukan badan seperti karbohidrat, protein, lemak, serat, bahan galian, vitamin dan asid lemak dalam kuantiti secukupnya.

Pemakanan yang sihat seharusnya dipupuk dari rumah dan seelok-eloknya ketika kanak-kanak supaya ia menjadi satu tabiat sepanjang hayat. 

Beikut adalah amalan pemakanan secara sihat yang disarankan Lembaga Promosi Kesihatan Malaysia yang boleh kita jadikan panduan dalam pemakanan seharian.

1.   Pastikan pengambilan nasi dan bijirin cukup.

Kumpulan makanan ini termasuk bijirin seperti nasi, gandum, pulut, oat, barli, jagung, produk bijirin seperti mi, roti, kuih-kuih, biskut, bijirin sarapan dan ubi-ubian contohnya kentang, keledek, ubi kayu dan keladi. Setiap hari badan kita memerlukan empat hingga lapan sajian daripada kumpulan ini. Makanlah semua jenis makanan daripada kumpulan makanan ini dan utamakan makanan tinggi serat seperti beras perang atau kurangkan pengambilan udang, ketam dan kerang. Makan daging, ayam dan telur secara sederhana. Pilih daging kurang lemak seperti daging batanu roti bijirin penuh.

2.   Lebihkan sayur-sayuran dan buah-buahan setiap hari. 

Amalkan pengambilan pelbagai jenis buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran dengan kuantiti yang banyak dalam setiap hidangan. Makan sayur-sayuran berwarna hijau seperti sawi dan kailan bersama batang sayur seelok-eloknya setiap hari. Namun jangan pula mengabaikan sayur-sayuran berwarna lain kerana setiap sayur-sayuran ada khasiatnya tersendiri. Makanlah sayur-sayuran seperti lada Benggala, peria dan petola beberapa kali seminggu. Utamakan buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran segar berbanding yang diproses.

3.   Makan ikan, daging, ayam, telur dan kekacang secara sederhana. 

Makan sekurang-kurangnya seekor ikan setiap hari yang terdiri daripada pelbagai jenis ikan. Buang sebanyak mungkin lemak yang kelihatan sebelum memasaknya. Pilih bahagian ayam tanpa kulit seperti dada ayam atau buang kulit ayam sebelum memasak. Hadkan pengambilan organ dalaman haiwan seperti hati, limpa dan otak. Masak daging atau ayam menggunakan kaedah masakan yang kurang berlemak seperti membakar, mengukus, merebus atau memanggang. Hadkan pengambilan makanan laut yang bersalut tepung seperti ikan goreng, udang goreng tepung dan sebagainya. Kaedah ini juga menyebabkan makanan menyerap lebih banyak minyak ketika menggoreng. Pilih pelbagai jenis kekacang dan dal serta produknya seperti tempe atau tauhu ketika menyediakan makanan. Tambah kekacang seperti kacang pis atau dal dalam sup dan lauk. 

4.   Ambil susu dan produk tenusu secukupnya.

Tingkatkan pengambilan susu seperti produk susu yang rendah gula ketika penyediaan makanan atau minuman. Gantikan susu pekat manis dengan susu dalam bentuk cecair atau susu tepung.

5.   Hadkan makanan tinggi kandungan lemak dan kolesterol.

Hadkan penggunaan minyak dan lemak seperti minyak kelapa dan santan. Buang lemak pada daging atau ayam sebelum memasaknya seperti membuang kulit pada ayam. Kurangkan penggunaan minyak masak ketika penyediaan makanan. Pelbagaikan kaedah memasak seperti mengukus, merebus, memanggang dan membakar. Hadkan pengambilan makanan daripada organ haiwan seperti otak dan hati serta telur ikan kurang daripada dua kali sebulan. Buang kepala ikan bilis dan udang sebelum memasak. 

6.   Pilih dan sediakan makanan yang kurang garam dan sos. 

Kurangkan penggunaan bahan perisa atau serbuk perasa seperti garam semasa memasak. Kurangkan juga penggunaan sos seperti sos cili, sos tomato, sos ikan atau sos soya dalam masakan. Kurangkan pengambilan makanan yang tinggi garam seperti ikan masin, telur masin, sayur asin, kerepek atau keropok masin serta makanan diproses seperti sosej, nuget, bebola daging dan burger. Rendam makanan yang masin sebelum dimasak. Gunakan bahan perisa penambah perisa semula jadi seperti bawang putih, halia, serai, limau nipis, daun sup, daun kesum dan rempah ratus untuk menambah perisa dalam makanan. Baca label dan elakkan produk yang menyenaraikan garam di bahagian awal senarai ramuan dan pilih produk berlabel 'rendah garam'.

7.   Ambil makanan dan minuman kurang gula. 

Elakkan minuman manis seperti air berkarbonat, sirap atau kordial dan lebihkan pengambilan air kosong. Hadkan gula, susu pekat manis atau krimer manis kepada satu sudu teh saja atau setiap cawan. Elak menambah gula dalam masakan. Elakkan juga makan dan minum antara hidangan utama dan sebelum tidur. Amalkan memakan buah sebagai pencuci mulut bagi menggantikan kuih, kek, dan bubur manis. Baca label dan elakkan produk yang menyenaraikan gula di bahagian awal senarai ramuan. Pilih produk berlabel 'rendah gula' dan 'bebas gula'.

8.   Minum banyak air kosong setiap hari.

Air adalah komponen utama yang terkandung dalam tubuh manusia. Jumlah pengambilan air kosong yang disarankan sebanyak enam hingga lapan gelas sehari. Minum satu hingga dua gelas air semasa waktu makan. Kerap minum air kosong walaupun anda tidak dahaga. Ambil sekurang-kurangnya dua gelas tambahan apabila melakukan aktiviti fizikal bagi menggantikan air yang hilang semasa berpeluh contohnya seperti melakukan aktiviti bersenam.

Sumber : Berita Harian
Tarikh : Mac 22, 2017

Healthy Eating

Many of us are neglecting healthy eating habit and no longer following food pyramid as recommended by Health Ministry.

If we take a look, our society eats all the time - even after midnight, there are still many customers sitting around in coffee shop and enjoying nasi lemak or roti canai.

No wonder Malaysia is in first place in Southeast Asia for having the most obese people and the number increases every year.

This yet to include the increasing number of diabetic, high pressure or high colesterol patients, that related to eating habit.

Everybody knows that we have to practice balance diet.

A balanced diet helps us prevent numerous diseases. A balanced diet means foods that contribute all nutrients that required by body such as carbohydrate, protein, fat, fiber, minerals, vitamin and fat asid in relevant quantities.

It is good if healthy diet can begin from home when the kids are young, so that it'll be a life long habit.

Below are healthy eating practisce as recommended by Lembaga Promosi Kesihatan Malaysia that can be used as a guideline in our daily diet.

1.   Make sure taking enough rice or cereals.

These group of food includes cereals such as rice, wheat, glutinous rice, oats, barley, corn, cereal products such as noodle, bread, variety of kueh, biscuits, breakfast cereals and tubers such as potato, sweet potato, tapioca and yam. Every day our body needs four to eight portions from this group. Consume all types of food from this group and priortize high fiber foods such as brown rice or reduce taking prawn, crap and cockle. Consume meat, chicken and egg in moderate. Choose low fat meat like fully batanu meat wholemeal bread.

2.   Consume more vegetables and fruits every day. 

Practice consume varieties of fruits and vegetables in large quantity in every meal. Consume green color vegetables like mustard, kale with its stem everyday, if possible. However, do not forget other green colored vegetables because different vegetable has its own benefits. Consume vegetables like capsicum, groud and loofah few times in a week. Priortize fresh fruits and vegetables compared to processed foods.

3.   Consume fish, meat, chicken, egg and nut in moderate

Consume at least one type of fish everyday. Get rid of the fat as much as possible before start cooking. Choose chicken portion without skin like chicken breast or remove its skin before start cooking. Limit the intake of its internal organ such as liver, sweetbread and shrimp paste. Cook the meat or chicken that uses less fat such as grill, steam or boiled. Limit the intake of flour coated seafood like flour fried fish, flour fried prawn etc. This way of cooking absorbs more oil during cooking. Choose varieties of nuts and dhal and its related products such as tempeh or tofu during preparing food. Add nuts like peas or dhal in soup and dish.

4. Take enough milk dan dairy products.

Increase milk intake such as low sweet milk when preparing food or drink. Replace condensed milk with liquid milk or milk powder.

5.   Limit the intake of foods that high in fat and cholesterol.

Limit the usage of oil and fat like coconut oil and coconut milk. Discard fat on the meat or chicken like discarding chicken skin before start cooking. Reduce using cooking oil when cooking. Try different methods of cooking like steaming, boiled, grilled. Limit the intake of animals internal organ such as brain and liver and fish eggs less than twice in a month. Discard anchovy and prawn head before start cooking.

6.   Choose and prepare foods less in salt and sauce.

Reduce taking foods high in food flavoring or salt during cooking. Reduce using sauce like chili sauce, tomato sauce, fish sauce or soya sauce during cooking. Reduce taking foods high in salt like salted fish, salted egg, salted vegetable, chips or salted chips and processed foods like sausage, nugget, meat ball or burger. Soak the salted foods before start cooking. Use natural added food flovouring like garlic, ginger, lemon grass, lime, chinese celery, kesum leaves and spices for extra flavour in foods. Read the label and avoid products that lists salt on top and choose products with 'low salt' label.

7.   Take less sugar foods and drinks

Avoid sweet drinks like carbonated drinks, syrup or codial dan increase drinking plain water. Limit sugar, sweet condensed milk or sweet creamer to one tea spoon for one cup. Avoid adding sugar in cooking. Avoid eating and drinking in between meals and before going to bed. Practice consuming fruits as dessert to replace kueh, cake and sweet mush. Read the label and avoid products that lists sugar at the top. Choose products with 'low sugar' and 'sugar free'.

8.   Drink a lot of water every day

Water is an important compenent in our body. It is recommended to take six to eight glass of plain water every day. Drink one to two glasses of water during eating. Drink a lot of water even when you are not thirsty. Take at least two extra glass of water when doing physical activities to replace disappearing water like sweating, for example, during exercise.

Translated : Teratai Melur
Email : terataigenius@gmail.com

**If you need translation service, kindly email details to the above email address.
Thank you.

Monday, 8 May 2017

LOVE KNOWS NO BOUNDS

Theirs was the ultimate love - a love for their country

Our nation experienced its darkest hours during the Japanese Occupation. For almost three years and nine months local civilians endured untold atrocities at the hands fo their new master, the Japanese Imperial Army. Thousands died at the hands of dreaded secret police and its hooded informers. With a mere point of a finger, a civilian standing in line had his or her fate sealed. Countless fathers, sons, mothers and daughters were taken away by the kempetai, never to be seen again by their bereaved families.

In the midst of the doom and gloom, many ordinary Malayans stood up to be counted, contributing in their own way to help end the occupation. Their willingness to pay the ultimate price for freedom will never be forgotten. Let us all take sometime to reflect on the scrifices of these gallant Malayans who gave their greatest love to the nation.

DEATH BEFORE DISHONOUR

The intelligence, alertness and intuition of Lieutenant Adnan Saidi helped the largely outnumbered and outgunned Malay Regiment repel Japanese invaders during the Battle of Singapore. 


During the early hours of the battle, Adnan saw soldiers marching up the hill. The approaching group, dressed in Punjabi military uniforms, advanced in a four abreast formation. Observant Adnan immediately became suspicious. He knew that British-trained troops always marched in lines of threes. He saw through the Japanese deception and ordered his men to open fire with their Lewis guns. All the disguised Japanese soldiers were killed. 

Enraged, the Japanese Imperial Army launched a full banzai assault. The Malay Regiment stood its ground and opened fire until its ammunition ran out. It then resorted to hand to hand combat. Adnan was badly wounded in the skirmish but he refused to retreat or surrender. Instead, he became the rallying point for his men to continue fighting. The Malay Regiment soldiers killed as many Japanese as they could.

Adnan bore the brunt of his aggressors' fury when he was finally captured. They tortured him mercilessly before hanging his body in a gunny sack from a nearby cherry tree. The Japanese soldiers took turns to plunge their bayonets into Adnan's lifeless body. Finally, his dismembered body was doused with petrol and set ablaze.

The wrath of the Japanese Army didn't end with Adnan's death. The kempetai traced his origins back to his village near Kajang, Selangor. Fortunately, his family received news about the approaching search party and burnt everything related to him. As a result, the secret police faied to find any evidence linking to the village. His family was thus spared.

HELPING THE RESISTANCE FIGHTERS

Sybil Medan Kathigasu and her husband, Dr Adbon Clement Kathigasu operated a clinic in Ipoh prior to the Japanese Occupation. The couple decided to relocate after Dr Kathigasu was injured in a Japanese air-raid. They moved to the nearby town of Papan just days before the Japanese took Ipoh.


At their new home, Sybil who was a trained nurse, continued to help her husband treat local residents. During her spare time, she secretly used her shortwave radio set and listened to BBC broadcass. Sybil disseminated the news among her trusted friends so that they wouldn't be misled by the Japanese propaganda machine. The couple also quietly provided medical services and gave information to the resistance forces around Papan.

Sadly, their activities were uncovered by the kempetai in 1943. Both Sybil and her husband were apprehended and taken to the Ipoh Central Police Station. They were tortured by the kempetai but both refused to cooperate. Finally, the secret police tied Sybil to the summer house and brought her daughter, Dawn into the garden. They threatened to burn Dawn alive but the trick failed. Dawn shouted, "Don't tell Mummy. I love you and we'll die together." Sybil said to the Japanese sergeant, "I always thought the Japanese were coward. Now I know it's true."

Fortunately for them, a higher ranking Japanese officer arrived just in time and ordered Dawn's release. Sybil managed to call out "Long live Malays!" before she was knocked unconscious by a sentry. Sybil was kept in the Batu Gajah prison while her husband was taken to Taiping. After the occupation, Sybil was flown to London for further medical treatment. She received the George Medal for Gallantry from King George VI himself just months before she died on June 12, 1948. Her body was brought back to Malays whre thousands attended the funeral of perhaps the greatest heroine of Malaya at that time.

SINGA, LION OF MALAYA

Gurchan Singa believed that he has more lives than a cat. He was nearly bitten by a crocodile when he was less than six months old. When he was 7, he was almost drowned and three years later he nearly stepped on a fallen live electrical cable. In 1933, he survived after falling off a cliff while climbing Mount Everest.


Gurchan moved to Kuala Lumpur when the Japanese invaded Malaya. He was on the kempetai watch list because he used to be a police inspector. Together with his brothers, the trio printed leaflets telling people to defy the Japanese. He always sighed his name as SINGA, the lion. Gurchan distributed his work all over Malaya and managed to avoid detection by hiding his papers in his bicycle frame.

After some time, the kempetai raided his house and destroyed his printing machine and paper stocks. A guard was assigned to secure Gurchan. Seizing a moment of distraction, Gurchan knocked the guard down and escaped into the darkness. As a show of defiance, he handwrote 28 copies and pasted them around town that night.

The Japanese were furious. They ransacked his house, ill-treated his family and killed his two dogs. Gurchan decided to escape to Allied-occupied Burma with three other friends. Bala, Kitchey and Bul. Calling themselves the Four Musketeers, the men attacked trains carrying petrol on their way to the Siamese border. 

The war ended before Gurchan could reach his destination. He later became the principal security officer of Tunku Abdul Rahman. Gurchan Singh died in an accident in Johor in 1965.

FORCE 136: PREPARING FOR THE RETURN

Lim Bo Seng was already a successful businessman when he decided to help defend Malaya from the Japaneseattacks. Knowing that the kempetai would be looking for him, the British advised Lim to seek refuge in India. His wife, Gan Choo Neo was left to care for their young children in Singapore.


In India, Lim helped recruit and train hundreds of secret agents for the Sino-British guerilla task force called Force 136. The British planned Operation Gustavus to secretly ship their agents back to Malaya to aid local resistance fighters. Lim and his men reached the coast of Teluk Anson on board a Dutch submarine.

He travelled under an alias to avoid arousing the suspicions of the kempetai. Together woth Captain John Davis and Major Freddie Spencer Chapman, Lim established contact with the Malayan Peoples's Anti-Japanese Army including Chin Peng and Lai Teck. He convinced the guerrilla fighters to obey British command in exchange for weapons, training and supplies.

Operation Gustavus failed when a captured guerrilla fighter, doubling as a fisherman in Pangkor Island, alerted the Japanese. Lim was arrested at a roadblock in Gopeng and taken to the Ipoh kempetai headqueartes. Despite being severely tortured, he never disclosed any information about Force 136.

Lim Bo Seng died of dysentery and was buried in an unmarked grave outside Batu Gajah prison. After the surrender, his widow brought his remains back to Singapore where he was buried with full military honours at a hill at MacRitchie Reservoir. 



Written by : Alan Teh Leam Seng



CINTA TIDAK MENGENAL SEMPADAN

Cinta abadi mereka - cinta terhadap tanah air

Negara kita mengalami zaman kegelapan ketika pemerintahan Jepun. Hampir tiga tahun sembilan bulan, rakyat menanggung kesengsaraan yang tidak dapat diceritakan dalam tempoh pemerintah Tentera Imperial Jepun. Ribuan mati di tangan polis rahsia dan pemberi maklumat rahsia. Hanya menunjukkan jari, rakyat biasa yang berbaris ditentukan nasib mereka. Tidak terkira berapa ramai ayah, anak lelaki, ibu dan anak perempuan dibawa pergi buat selama-lamanya oleh kempetai, tidak dilihat lagi oleh keluarga mereka.

Dalam zaman gelap inilah, muncul ramai rakyat Malaysia bangun dan menyumbang untuk tanah air dengan cara mereka tersendiri bagi mengakhiri zaman pemerintahan Jepun. Pengorbanan mereka untuk kemerdekaan tidak harus dilupakan. Mari kita mengambil sedikit masa dan mengimbas kembali pengorbanan rakyat Malaysia yang memberikan cinta mereka ke negara tercinta ini.

MATI SEBELUM DIAIBKAN

Kepintaran, kesedaran dan gerak hati Leftenan Adnan Saidi membantu mengalahkan dan membunuh serta menangkis penceroboh Jepun ketika Peperangan Singapura. 



Jumlah tentera Jepun melebihi bilangan tentera Regimen Melayu.

Pada peringkat awal peperangan, Adnan ternampak tentera sedang berarak menaiki bukit. Kumpulan yang sedang menghampiri memakai pakaian tentera Punjabi dengan bilangan empat orang sekumpulan. Adnan yang sedang memerhati dengan teliti terasa curiga. Beliau tahu tentera yang dilatih oleh British akan berarak dengan bilangan tiga orang sekumpulan. Beliau dapat membaca kelicikan tentera Jepun dan mengarahkan tenteranya menyerang menggunakan senjata mesin buatan Lewis. Kesemua tentera Jepun dapat dikalahkan.

Tentera Jepun merasa marah lalu melancarkan serangan banzai. Tentera Regimen Melayu berdiri teguh dan melancarkan serangan sehingga kehabisan peluru. Kemudian, serangan beralih menggunakan tangan. Adnan mengalami kecederaan teruk dalam pertempuran kecil tetapi beliau enggan menyerah kalah atau beundur. Beliau terus menggalakkan tenteranya meneruskan pertempuran. Regimen askar Melayu berjaya membunuh tentera Jepun seramai mungkin.

Apabila Adnan berjaya ditangkap, beliau menjadi mangsa kerakusan tentera Jepun. Mereka menyeksa beliau tanpa belas kasihan sebelum menggantung jasadnya di dalam guni dan digantung pada pokok ceri. Tentera Jepun mengambil giliran menikam jasad Adnan yang tidak bernyawa. Akhirnya, jasad beliau dituang dengan petrol dan dibakar.

Perasaan ingin balas dendam Jepun tidak berakhir dengan kematian Adnan. Kempetai Jepun berjaya mengesan asal usul beliau ke kampungnya di Kajang, Selangor. Nasib menyebelahi keluargannya apabila mereka mendapat perkhabaran mengenai tentera Jepun sedang menghampiri perkampungan mereka dan membakar semua barang milik Adnan. Polis rahsia Jepun tidak menemui sebarang bukti yang mengaitkan Adnan dengan kampung. Akhirnya, keluarga Adnan dilepaskan.

MEMBANTU PEJUANG

Sybil Medan Kathigasu bersama suaminya, Dr Abdon Clement Kathigasu membuka klinik di Ipoh sebelum pemerintahan Jepun. Mereka bercadang berpindah setelah Dr Kathigasu tercedera dalam serangan udara oleh tentera Jepun. Mereka berpindah ke bandar berhampiran dengan Papan beberapa hari sebelum tentera Jepun menawan Ipoh.


Di rumah baharu, Sybil ialah jururawat terlatih terus membantu suaminya merawat penduduk tempatan. Apabila beliau mempunyai masa lapang, beliau akan mendengar berita BBC di radio. Sybil akan mengongsi berita yang beliau dapat dengan rakan-rakan yang beliau percaya supaya mereka tidak tertipu dengan dakyah tentera Jepun. Pasangan suami isteri ini memberikan khidmat perubatan secara rahsia dan memberi maklumat kepada pasukan pejuang di sekitar Papan.

Malangnya, aktiviti mereka diketahui oleh kempetai pada tahun 1943. Sybil dan suaminya ditahan dan dibawa ke Balai Polis Ipoh. Walaupun mereka diseksa oleh kempetai tetapi mereka enggan memberikan kerjasama. Akhirnya, polis rahsia mengikat Sybil dalam rumah musim panas dan membawa anak perempuannya bernama Dawn ke taman. Pihak kempetai mengugut akan membakar Dawn hidup-hidup namun ugutan itu gagal. Dawn menjerit kepada ibunya," Jangan beritahu, Mak. Saya sayang mak dan kita akan mati bersama-sama. "Sybil berkata kepada sarjan Jepun,"Saya selalu menyangka tentera Jepun pengecut. Baru saya tahu ia benar." 

Nasib menyebelahi mereka apabila seorang tentera Jepun berpangkat tinggi tiba dan mengarahkan Dawn dibebaskan. Sybil sempat menjerit "Hidup Malaya!" sebelum dipukul sehingga pengsan oleh sendri. Sybil ditahan di penjara Batu Gajah sementara suaminya dibawa ke Taiping. Selepas pemerintahan Jepun, Sybil diterbangkan ke London untuk rawatan susulan. Beliau menerima pingat George Medal untuk Gallantry daripada Raja George VI sebelum meninggal dunia pada Jun 12,1948. Jasad beliau dibawa semula ke Malaya untuk pengebumian dan dihadiri oleh ribuan hadirin. Beliau merupakan wanita yang berani pada ketika itu.

SINGA, HARIMAU MALAYA

Gurchan Singa percaya beliau mempunyai umur panjang. Beliau hampir-hampir digigit oleh buaya ketika berusia kurang dari enam bulan. Ketika beliau berusia 7 tahun, beliau hampir lemas dan tiga tahun kemudian, beliau hampir memijak kabel eletrik yang masih mengalirkan elektrik. Pada tahun 1933, beliau terselamat setelah terjatuh dari cerun ketika mendaki Gunung Everest.


Gurchan berpindah ke Kuala Lumpur apabila Jepun menceroboh Malaya. Beliau diletakkan dalam senarai orang yang dikehendaki kerana beliau pernah menjadi polis inspektor. Bersama-sama dengan dua abangnya, mereka bertiga mencetak risalah memberitahu orang ramai supaya menentang Jepun. Beliau sentiasa menandatangani nama beliau sebagai SINGA, the Lion. Gurchan mengedarkan hasil kerja beliau ke seluruh Malaya dan berjaya daripada dikesan dengan menyembunyikan hasil tulisan beliau di dalam bingkai basikal.

Beberapa lama kemudian, pihak kempetai menyelongkar rumah beliau dan memusnahkan mesin pencetak dan stok kertas. Seorang pengawal ditempatkan untuk menangkap Gurchan. Apabila Gurchan mendapat peluang, beliau memukul pengawal tersebut dan berjaya melarikan diri. Sebagai menunjukkan semangat beliau, beliau menulis 28 keping risalah dengan tangan dan menampalnya di sekitar bandar pada malam itu juga.

Ini membuatkan pihak Jepun menjadi marah. Mereka menggeledah rumah beliau dan menyeksa anggota keluarga beliau dan membunuh dua ekor anjing peliharaannya. Gurchan mengambil keputusan menyelamatkan diri dengan berlari ke Burma yang dikuasai oleh pihak Bersekutu bersama-sama dengan kawan-kawannya iaitu Bala, Kitchey dan Bul. Memanggil diri mereka sebagai the Four Musketeers, mereka menyerang keretapi yang membawa petrol ke sempadan Siam.

Sebelum Gurchan sampai ke distinasi beliau, perang telah berakhir., Beliau kemudian dilantik sebagai ketua pegawai keselamatan Tunku Abdul Rahman. Gurchan Singh meninggal dunia kerana terlibat dalam kemalangan jalan raya di Johor pada tahun 1965.

ANGKATAN 136: BERSEDIA UNTUK PULANG

Lim Bo Seng ialah ahli perniagaan yang berjaya apabila beliau mengambil keputusan mempertahankan Malaya daripada serangan Jepun. Beliau menyedari pihak kempetai akan mencarinya dan pihak British menasihatkan beliau agar mencari perlindungan di India. Isteri beliau, Gan Choo Neo tinggal di Singapura untuk menjaga anak kecil mereka.

Di India, Lim membantu melatih ratusan agen rahsia untuk pasukan gerilla Sino-British yang dinamakan Angkatan 136. Pihak British merancang Operasi Gustavus untuk menghantar agen mereka kembali ke Malaya dan membantu pejuang tempatan. Lim dan pasukannya tiba di perairan Teluk Anson untuk menaiki kapal selam Belanda.


Beliau mengembara dengan menggunakan nama samaran bagi mengelak menimbulkan syak kempetai. Bersama-sama dengan Kapten John Davis dan Major Freddie Spencer Chapman, Lim dapat berhubung dengan Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army termasuk Chin Peng dan Lai Teck. Beliau berjaya menyakinkan pejuang gerilla agar mengikut arahan British sebagai ganti mendapat bekalan senjata, latihan dan bahan keperluan lain.

Operasi Gustavus menemui kegagalan apabila seorang pejuang gerilla yang menyamar sebagai nelayan di Pulau Pangkor memberitahu tentera Jepun. Lim ditangkap di Gopeng ketika pemeriksaan jalan raya. Beliau dibawa ke ibu pejabat kempetei Ipoh. Walaupun beliau diseksa teruk, beliau tidak mendedahkan sebarang maklumat mengenai Angkatan 136.

Lim Bo Seng meninggal dunia akibat disentari dan dikebumikan di kubur yang tidak bertanda di luar penjara Batu Gajah. Setelah Jepun menyerah kalah, balunya membawa jasadnya kembali ke Singapura dan dikebumikan dengan penuh kehormatan tentera di bukit di takungan MacRitchie.


Diterjemah oleh : Teratai Melur
E-mel ; terataigenius@gmail.com

**Jika memerlukan khidmat terjemahan, sila e-mel butiran ke alamat e-mel tertera di atas.

Terima kasih.